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PRESENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS RATIFIED BY CAMEROON IN FAVOUR OF WOMEN

PRESENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS RATIFIED BY CAMEROON IN FAVOUR OF WOMEN

PRESENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS RATIFIED BY CAMEROON IN FAVOUR OF WOMEN

The status of women remains a major concern for African States in general. Since some decades ago, Cameroon under the impetus of the Head of State Paul BIYA, has resolved to make the promotion and respect of women’s rights, one of the essential points of his development policy. In addition, 43 Conventions out of the 48 ratified by Cameroon have already come into force.

Some of them can be cited below:
International and regional instruments

- The Universal Declaration on Human Rights adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution of 10th December 1948 ?
- The Convention on force labour of 1930, entered into force on 1 May 1932, and ratified by Cameroon on June 7, 1960 ?
- The Convention on Underground Works, entered into force on 30th May 1937 and ratified by Cameroon on 3rd September 1962 ?
- The Convention on the protection of maternity of 1919, entered into force on 13 June 1921 and ratified by Cameroon on 25th May 1970 ?
- The Convention on the consent for marriage, minimum age and the registration of marriages adopted by the National Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution of 7th November 1962 ?
- The Declaration of the United Nations on the Elimination of all forms of racial discrimination adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution of 21st December 1995?
- The International Agreement on economic, social and cultural rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolutions of 16 December 1966 ?
- The International Agreement on civic and political rights, adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution of 16th December 1966?
- The Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution of 10th December 1984 ?
- The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution of 20th December 1989 ?
- The African Charter on Human and People’s Rights adopted by the 17th Conference of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity in June 1981 ?
- The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child adopted by the 26th conference of Heads of State and Government of the Organisation African Unity ?
- The Convention on Night labour for women adopted by the General Conference of the Labour Organisation in 1948 ?
- The Convention on equal remuneration adopted by the General Conference of the Labour Organisation in 1951 ?
- The Convention on the political rights of women adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1952 ?
- Convention concerning discrimination in the domain of employment and profession adopted by the General Conference of the Labour Organisation on 25th June 1958 ?
- The Declaration on the protection of women and children during emergency periods and armed conflicts adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 14th December 1974 ?
- Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 34/180 of 18th December 1979 ?
- The facultative Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution of 6th October 1999 ?
- Additional Protocol to the United Nations Convention on Organised International Criminality (OIC) which aims at preventing, reprimanding and punish human trafficking, especially the trafficking of women and children adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2000 ?
- Resolution 1325 of the Security Council on women, peace and security of 10th October 2005;

- Additional Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights relating to women’s rights adopted in 2006 and ratified in 2009?
- The Beijing platform of 1995 ?
- The Cairo Declaration ?
- Solemn Declaration of Heads of State and Government of member countries of African Union on gender equality in Africa adopted in 2004 in Brazzaville ;
- The Millennium Declaration.

National texts
- Constitutions of Cameroon of May 1960, September 1961, June 1972 and January and law n° 96/06 of 18 January on the revision of the 2 June 1972 constitution ?
- Constitution of 18th January 1996 ?
- Civil Code made applicable in Cameroon by the Arrête of 5th November 1930 Ordinance n° 72/4 of 26th August 1972 on the judicial organisation and its modified texts ?
- Penal code-1967 ?
- New Penal code- 12 July 2016;
- Labour Code 1992 ?
- Ordinance n° 81 - 02 of 29 June 1981 on civil status registration and certain provisions relating to state of physical persons ?
- Law of 19 December 1990 on the conditions of entering, residing and travelling out of the Cameroonian territory ?
- Decree n° 74/459 of 26 August 1974 on the organisation of the civil pension scheme ?
- Law of 10 August 1990 on the profession of pharmacist ?
- Law of 6 December 1991 to lay down the conditions of election at the National Assembly ?
- Law n°2009/004 of 14 April 2009 on the organisation of legal assistance, that enables women with low income to
appear in court free of charge ?
- The electoral law (law n°2012/001 of 19th April 2012.

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